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os – basic “operating system” services

This module implements a subset of the corresponding CPython module, as described below. For more information, refer to the original CPython documentation: os.

The os module contains functions for filesystem access and mounting, terminal redirection and duplication, and the uname and urandom functions.

General functions


Return a tuple (possibly a named tuple) containing information about the underlying machine and/or its operating system. The tuple has five fields in the following order, each of them being a string:

  • sysname – the name of the underlying system

  • nodename – the network name (can be the same as sysname)

  • release – the version of the underlying system

  • version – the MicroPython version and build date

  • machine – an identifier for the underlying hardware (eg board, CPU)


Return a bytes object with n random bytes. Whenever possible, it is generated by the hardware random number generator.

Filesystem access


Change current directory.


Get the current directory.


This function returns an iterator which then yields tuples corresponding to the entries in the directory that it is listing. With no argument it lists the current directory, otherwise it lists the directory given by dir.

The tuples have the form (name, type, inode[, size]):

  • name is a string (or bytes if dir is a bytes object) and is the name of the entry;

  • type is an integer that specifies the type of the entry, with 0x4000 for directories and 0x8000 for regular files;

  • inode is an integer corresponding to the inode of the file, and may be 0 for filesystems that don’t have such a notion.

  • Some platforms may return a 4-tuple that includes the entry’s size. For file entries, size is an integer representing the size of the file or -1 if unknown. Its meaning is currently undefined for directory entries.


With no argument, list the current directory. Otherwise list the given directory.


Create a new directory.


Remove a file.


Remove a directory.

os.rename(old_path, new_path)

Rename a file.


Get the status of a file or directory.


Get the status of a filesystem.

Returns a tuple with the filesystem information in the following order:

  • f_bsize – file system block size

  • f_frsize – fragment size

  • f_blocks – size of fs in f_frsize units

  • f_bfree – number of free blocks

  • f_bavail – number of free blocks for unprivileged users

  • f_files – number of inodes

  • f_ffree – number of free inodes

  • f_favail – number of free inodes for unprivileged users

  • f_flag – mount flags

  • f_namemax – maximum filename length

Parameters related to inodes: f_files, f_ffree, f_avail and the f_flags parameter may return 0 as they can be unavailable in a port-specific implementation.


Sync all filesystems.

Terminal redirection and duplication

os.dupterm(stream_object, index=0, /)

Duplicate or switch the MicroPython terminal (the REPL) on the given stream-like object. The stream_object argument must be a native stream object, or derive from io.IOBase and implement the readinto() and write() methods. The stream should be in non-blocking mode and readinto() should return None if there is no data available for reading.

After calling this function all terminal output is repeated on this stream, and any input that is available on the stream is passed on to the terminal input.

The index parameter should be a non-negative integer and specifies which duplication slot is set. A given port may implement more than one slot (slot 0 will always be available) and in that case terminal input and output is duplicated on all the slots that are set.

If None is passed as the stream_object then duplication is cancelled on the slot given by index.

The function returns the previous stream-like object in the given slot.

Filesystem mounting

The following functions and classes have been moved to the vfs module. They are provided in this module only for backwards compatibility and will be removed in version 2 of MicroPython.

os.mount(fsobj, mount_point, *, readonly)

See vfs.mount.


See vfs.umount.

class os.VfsFat(block_dev)

See vfs.VfsFat.

class os.VfsLfs1(block_dev, readsize=32, progsize=32, lookahead=32)

See vfs.VfsLfs1.

class os.VfsLfs2(block_dev, readsize=32, progsize=32, lookahead=32, mtime=True)

See vfs.VfsLfs2.

class os.VfsPosix(root=None)

See vfs.VfsPosix.