Quick reference for the pyboard

The below pinout is for PYBv1.1. You can also view pinouts for other versions of the pyboard: PYBv1.0 or PYBLITEv1.0-AC or PYBLITEv1.0.

PYBv1.1 pinout

Below is a quick reference for the pyboard. If it is your first time working with this board please consider reading the following sections first:

General board control

See pyb.

import pyb

pyb.repl_uart(pyb.UART(1, 9600)) # duplicate REPL on UART(1)
pyb.wfi() # pause CPU, waiting for interrupt
pyb.freq() # get CPU and bus frequencies
pyb.freq(60000000) # set CPU freq to 60MHz
pyb.stop() # stop CPU, waiting for external interrupt

Delay and timing

Use the time module:

import time

time.sleep(1)           # sleep for 1 second
time.sleep_ms(500)      # sleep for 500 milliseconds
time.sleep_us(10)       # sleep for 10 microseconds
start = time.ticks_ms() # get value of millisecond counter
delta = time.ticks_diff(time.ticks_ms(), start) # compute time difference

Internal LEDs

See pyb.LED.

from pyb import LED

led = LED(1) # 1=red, 2=green, 3=yellow, 4=blue
led.toggle()
led.on()
led.off()

# LEDs 3 and 4 support PWM intensity (0-255)
LED(4).intensity()    # get intensity
LED(4).intensity(128) # set intensity to half

Internal switch

See pyb.Switch.

from pyb import Switch

sw = Switch()
sw.value() # returns True or False
sw.callback(lambda: pyb.LED(1).toggle())

Pins and GPIO

See pyb.Pin.

from pyb import Pin

p_out = Pin('X1', Pin.OUT_PP)
p_out.high()
p_out.low()

p_in = Pin('X2', Pin.IN, Pin.PULL_UP)
p_in.value() # get value, 0 or 1

Servo control

See pyb.Servo.

from pyb import Servo

s1 = Servo(1) # servo on position 1 (X1, VIN, GND)
s1.angle(45) # move to 45 degrees
s1.angle(-60, 1500) # move to -60 degrees in 1500ms
s1.speed(50) # for continuous rotation servos

External interrupts

See pyb.ExtInt.

from pyb import Pin, ExtInt

callback = lambda e: print("intr")
ext = ExtInt(Pin('Y1'), ExtInt.IRQ_RISING, Pin.PULL_NONE, callback)

Timers

See pyb.Timer.

from pyb import Timer

tim = Timer(1, freq=1000)
tim.counter() # get counter value
tim.freq(0.5) # 0.5 Hz
tim.callback(lambda t: pyb.LED(1).toggle())

RTC (real time clock)

See pyb.RTC

from pyb import RTC

rtc = RTC()
rtc.datetime((2017, 8, 23, 1, 12, 48, 0, 0)) # set a specific date and time
rtc.datetime() # get date and time

PWM (pulse width modulation)

See pyb.Pin and pyb.Timer.

from pyb import Pin, Timer

p = Pin('X1') # X1 has TIM2, CH1
tim = Timer(2, freq=1000)
ch = tim.channel(1, Timer.PWM, pin=p)
ch.pulse_width_percent(50)

ADC (analog to digital conversion)

See pyb.Pin and pyb.ADC.

from pyb import Pin, ADC

adc = ADC(Pin('X19'))
adc.read() # read value, 0-4095

DAC (digital to analog conversion)

See pyb.Pin and pyb.DAC.

from pyb import Pin, DAC

dac = DAC(Pin('X5'))
dac.write(120) # output between 0 and 255

UART (serial bus)

See pyb.UART.

from pyb import UART

uart = UART(1, 9600)
uart.write('hello')
uart.read(5) # read up to 5 bytes

SPI bus

See pyb.SPI.

from pyb import SPI

spi = SPI(1, SPI.MASTER, baudrate=200000, polarity=1, phase=0)
spi.send('hello')
spi.recv(5) # receive 5 bytes on the bus
spi.send_recv('hello') # send and receive 5 bytes

I2C bus

Hardware I2C is available on the X and Y halves of the pyboard via I2C('X') and I2C('Y'). Alternatively pass in the integer identifier of the peripheral, eg I2C(1). Software I2C is also available by explicitly specifying the scl and sda pins instead of the bus name. For more details see machine.I2C.

from machine import I2C

i2c = I2C('X', freq=400000)                 # create hardware I2c object
i2c = I2C(scl='X1', sda='X2', freq=100000)  # create software I2C object

i2c.scan()                          # returns list of slave addresses
i2c.writeto(0x42, 'hello')          # write 5 bytes to slave with address 0x42
i2c.readfrom(0x42, 5)               # read 5 bytes from slave

i2c.readfrom_mem(0x42, 0x10, 2)     # read 2 bytes from slave 0x42, slave memory 0x10
i2c.writeto_mem(0x42, 0x10, 'xy')   # write 2 bytes to slave 0x42, slave memory 0x10

Note: for legacy I2C support see pyb.I2C.

I2S bus

See machine.I2S.

from machine import I2S, Pin

i2s = I2S(2, sck=Pin('Y6'), ws=Pin('Y5'), sd=Pin('Y8'), mode=I2S.TX, bits=16, format=I2S.STEREO, rate=44100, ibuf=40000) # create I2S object
i2s.write(buf)             # write buffer of audio samples to I2S device

i2s = I2S(1, sck=Pin('X5'), ws=Pin('X6'), sd=Pin('Y4'), mode=I2S.RX, bits=16, format=I2S.MONO, rate=22050, ibuf=40000) # create I2S object
i2s.readinto(buf)          # fill buffer with audio samples from I2S device

The I2S class is currently available as a Technical Preview. During the preview period, feedback from users is encouraged. Based on this feedback, the I2S class API and implementation may be changed.

PYBv1.0/v1.1 has one I2S bus with id=2. PYBD-SFxW has two I2S buses with id=1 and id=2. I2S is shared with SPI.

CAN bus (controller area network)

See pyb.CAN.

from pyb import CAN

can = CAN(1, CAN.LOOPBACK)
can.setfilter(0, CAN.LIST16, 0, (123, 124, 125, 126))
can.send('message!', 123)   # send a message with id 123
can.recv(0)                 # receive message on FIFO 0

Internal accelerometer

See pyb.Accel.

from pyb import Accel

accel = Accel()
print(accel.x(), accel.y(), accel.z(), accel.tilt())