3. Accessing peripherals directly via registers¶
The ESP32’s peripherals can be controlled via direct register reads and writes. This requires reading the datasheet to know what registers to use and what values to write to them. The following example shows how to turn on and change the prescaler of the MCPWM0 peripheral.
from micropython import const from machine import mem32 # Define the register addresses that will be used. DR_REG_DPORT_BASE = const(0x3FF00000) DPORT_PERIP_CLK_EN_REG = const(DR_REG_DPORT_BASE + 0x0C0) DPORT_PERIP_RST_EN_REG = const(DR_REG_DPORT_BASE + 0x0C4) DPORT_PWM0_CLK_EN = const(1 << 17) MCPWM0 = const(0x3FF5E000) MCPWM1 = const(0x3FF6C000) # Enable CLK and disable RST. print(hex(mem32[DPORT_PERIP_CLK_EN_REG] & 0xffffffff)) print(hex(mem32[DPORT_PERIP_RST_EN_REG] & 0xffffffff)) mem32[DPORT_PERIP_CLK_EN_REG] |= DPORT_PWM0_CLK_EN mem32[DPORT_PERIP_RST_EN_REG] &= ~DPORT_PWM0_CLK_EN print(hex(mem32[DPORT_PERIP_CLK_EN_REG] & 0xffffffff)) print(hex(mem32[DPORT_PERIP_RST_EN_REG] & 0xffffffff)) # Change the MCPWM0 prescaler. print(hex(mem32[MCPWM0])) # read PWM_CLK_CFG_REG (reset value = 0) mem32[MCPWM0] = 0x55 # change PWM_CLK_PRESCALE print(hex(mem32[MCPWM0])) # read PWM_CLK_CFG_REG
Note that before a peripheral can be used its clock must be enabled and it must be taken out of reset. In the above example the following registers are used for this:
DPORT_PERI_CLK_EN_REG: used to enable a peripheral clock
DPORT_PERI_RST_EN_REG: used to reset (or take out of reset) a peripheral
The MCPWM0 peripheral is in bit position 17 of the above two registers, hence
the value of