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gzip – gzip compression & decompression

This module implements a subset of the corresponding CPython module, as described below. For more information, refer to the original CPython documentation: gzip.

This module allows compression and decompression of binary data with the DEFLATE algorithm used by the gzip file format.


Prefer to use deflate.DeflateIO instead of the functions in this module as it provides a streaming interface to compression and decompression which is convenient and more memory efficient when working with reading or writing compressed data to a file, socket, or stream.


  • This module is not present by default in official MicroPython firmware releases as it duplicates functionality available in the deflate module.

  • A copy of this module can be installed (or frozen) from micropython-lib (source). See Package management for more information. This documentation describes that module.

  • Compression support will only be available if compression support is enabled in the built-in deflate module.

Functions, mode, /)

Wrapper around built-in open() returning a GzipFile instance.

gzip.decompress(data, /)

Decompresses data into a bytes object.

gzip.compress(data, /)

Compresses data into a bytes object.


class gzip.GzipFile(*, fileobj, mode)

This class can be used to wrap a fileobj which is any stream-like object such as a file, socket, or stream (including io.BytesIO). It is itself a stream and implements the standard read/readinto/write/close methods.

When the mode argument is "rb", reads from the GzipFile instance will decompress the data in the underlying stream and return decompressed data.

If compression support is enabled then the mode argument can be set to "wb", and writes to the GzipFile instance will be compressed and written to the underlying stream.

By default the GzipFile class will read and write data using the gzip file format, including a header and footer with checksum and a window size of 512 bytes.

The file, compresslevel, and mtime arguments are not supported. fileobj and mode must always be specified as keyword arguments.


A typical use case for gzip.GzipFile is to read or write a compressed file from storage:

import gzip

# Reading:
with open("data.gz", "rb") as f:
    with gzip.GzipFile(fileobj=f, mode="rb") as g:
        # Use, g.readinto(), etc.

 # Same, but using
with"data.gz", "rb") as f:
     # Use, f.readinto(), etc.

# Writing:
with open("data.gz", "wb") as f:
    with gzip.GzipFile(fileobj=f, mode="wb") as g:
        # Use g.write(...) etc

# Same, but using
with"data.gz", "wb") as f:
    # Use f.write(...) etc

# Write a dictionary as JSON in gzip format, with a
# small (64 byte) window size.
config = { ... }
with"config.gz", "wb") as f:
    json.dump(config, f)

For guidance on working with gzip sources and choosing the window size see the note at the end of the deflate documentation.