class DAC – digital to analog conversion

The DAC is used to output analog values (a specific voltage) on pin X5 or pin X6. The voltage will be between 0 and 3.3V.

This module will undergo changes to the API.

Example usage:

from pyb import DAC

dac = DAC(1)            # create DAC 1 on pin X5
dac.write(128)          # write a value to the DAC (makes X5 1.65V)

dac = DAC(1, bits=12)   # use 12 bit resolution
dac.write(4095)         # output maximum value, 3.3V

To output a continuous sine-wave:

import math
from pyb import DAC

# create a buffer containing a sine-wave
buf = bytearray(100)
for i in range(len(buf)):
    buf[i] = 128 + int(127 * math.sin(2 * math.pi * i / len(buf)))

# output the sine-wave at 400Hz
dac = DAC(1)
dac.write_timed(buf, 400 * len(buf), mode=DAC.CIRCULAR)

To output a continuous sine-wave at 12-bit resolution:

import math
from array import array
from pyb import DAC

# create a buffer containing a sine-wave, using half-word samples
buf = array('H', 2048 + int(2047 * math.sin(2 * math.pi * i / 128)) for i in range(128))

# output the sine-wave at 400Hz
dac = DAC(1, bits=12)
dac.write_timed(buf, 400 * len(buf), mode=DAC.CIRCULAR)


class pyb.DAC(port, bits=8)

Construct a new DAC object.

port can be a pin object, or an integer (1 or 2). DAC(1) is on pin X5 and DAC(2) is on pin X6.

bits is an integer specifying the resolution, and can be 8 or 12. The maximum value for the write and write_timed methods will be 2**``bits``-1.



Reinitialise the DAC. bits can be 8 or 12.


De-initialise the DAC making its pin available for other uses.


Generate a pseudo-random noise signal. A new random sample is written to the DAC output at the given frequency.


Generate a triangle wave. The value on the DAC output changes at the given frequency, and the frequency of the repeating triangle wave itself is 2048 times smaller.


Direct access to the DAC output. The minimum value is 0. The maximum value is 2**``bits``-1, where bits is set when creating the DAC object or by using the init method.

DAC.write_timed(data, freq, *, mode=DAC.NORMAL)

Initiates a burst of RAM to DAC using a DMA transfer. The input data is treated as an array of bytes in 8-bit mode, and an array of unsigned half-words (array typecode ‘H’) in 12-bit mode.

freq can be an integer specifying the frequency to write the DAC samples at, using Timer(6). Or it can be an already-initialised Timer object which is used to trigger the DAC sample. Valid timers are 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.


Example using both DACs at the same time:

dac1 = DAC(1)
dac2 = DAC(2)
dac1.write_timed(buf1, pyb.Timer(6, freq=100), mode=DAC.CIRCULAR)
dac2.write_timed(buf2, pyb.Timer(7, freq=200), mode=DAC.CIRCULAR)