class CAN – controller area network communication bus¶
CAN implements the standard CAN communications protocol. At the physical level it consists of 2 lines: RX and TX. Note that to connect the pyboard to a CAN bus you must use a CAN transceiver to convert the CAN logic signals from the pyboard to the correct voltage levels on the bus.
Example usage (works without anything connected):
from pyb import CAN can = CAN(1, CAN.LOOPBACK) can.setfilter(0, CAN.LIST16, 0, (123, 124, 125, 126)) # set a filter to receive messages with id=123, 124, 125 and 126 can.send('message!', 123) # send a message with id 123 can.recv(0) # receive message on FIFO 0
Construct a CAN object on the given bus.
buscan be 1-2, or ‘YA’ or ‘YB’. With no additional parameters, the CAN object is created but not initialised (it has the settings from the last initialisation of the bus, if any). If extra arguments are given, the bus is initialised. See
initfor parameters of initialisation.
The physical pins of the CAN busses are:
(RX, TX) = (Y3, Y4) = (PB8, PB9)
(RX, TX) = (Y5, Y6) = (PB12, PB13)
Reset and disable all filter banks and assign how many banks should be available for CAN(1).
STM32F405 has 28 filter banks that are shared between the two available CAN bus controllers. This function configures how many filter banks should be assigned to each.
nris the number of banks that will be assigned to CAN(1), the rest of the 28 are assigned to CAN(2). At boot, 14 banks are assigned to each controller.
init(mode, extframe=False, prescaler=100, *, sjw=1, bs1=6, bs2=8)¶
Initialise the CAN bus with the given parameters:
modeis one of: NORMAL, LOOPBACK, SILENT, SILENT_LOOPBACK
extframeis True then the bus uses extended identifiers in the frames (29 bits); otherwise it uses standard 11 bit identifiers
prescaleris used to set the duration of 1 time quanta; the time quanta will be the input clock (PCLK1, see
pyb.freq()) divided by the prescaler
sjwis the resynchronisation jump width in units of the time quanta; it can be 1, 2, 3, 4
bs1defines the location of the sample point in units of the time quanta; it can be between 1 and 1024 inclusive
bs2defines the location of the transmit point in units of the time quanta; it can be between 1 and 16 inclusive
The time quanta tq is the basic unit of time for the CAN bus. tq is the CAN prescaler value divided by PCLK1 (the frequency of internal peripheral bus 1); see
pyb.freq()to determine PCLK1.
A single bit is made up of the synchronisation segment, which is always 1 tq. Then follows bit segment 1, then bit segment 2. The sample point is after bit segment 1 finishes. The transmit point is after bit segment 2 finishes. The baud rate will be 1/bittime, where the bittime is 1 + BS1 + BS2 multiplied by the time quanta tq.
For example, with PCLK1=42MHz, prescaler=100, sjw=1, bs1=6, bs2=8, the value of tq is 2.38 microseconds. The bittime is 35.7 microseconds, and the baudrate is 28kHz.
See page 680 of the STM32F405 datasheet for more details.
Turn off the CAN bus.
setfilter(bank, mode, fifo, params, *, rtr)¶
Configure a filter bank:
bankis the filter bank that is to be configured.
modeis the mode the filter should operate in.
fifois which fifo (0 or 1) a message should be stored in, if it is accepted by this filter.
paramsis an array of values the defines the filter. The contents of the array depends on the
contents of parameter array CAN.LIST16 Four 16 bit ids that will be accepted CAN.LIST32 Two 32 bit ids that will be accepted CAN.MASK16
- Two 16 bit id/mask pairs. E.g. (1, 3, 4, 4)
- The first pair, 1 and 3 will accept all idsthat have bit 0 = 1 and bit 1 = 0.The second pair, 4 and 4, will accept all idsthat have bit 2 = 1.
CAN.MASK32 As with CAN.MASK16 but with only one 32 bit id/mask pair.
rtris an array of booleans that states if a filter should accept a remote transmission request message. If this argument is not given then it defaults to False for all entries. The length of the array depends on the
length of rtr array CAN.LIST16 4 CAN.LIST32 2 CAN.MASK16 2 CAN.MASK32 1
Clear and disables a filter bank:
bankis the filter bank that is to be cleared.
Trueif any message waiting on the FIFO, else
recv(fifo, *, timeout=5000)¶
Receive data on the bus:
fifois an integer, which is the FIFO to receive on
timeoutis the timeout in milliseconds to wait for the receive.
Return value: A tuple containing four values.
- The id of the message.
- A boolean that indicates if the message is an RTR message.
- The FMI (Filter Match Index) value.
- An array containing the data.
send(data, id, *, timeout=0, rtr=False)¶
Send a message on the bus:
datais the data to send (an integer to send, or a buffer object).
idis the id of the message to be sent.
timeoutis the timeout in milliseconds to wait for the send.
rtris a boolean that specifies if the message shall be sent as a remote transmission request. If
rtris True then only the length of
datais used to fill in the DLC slot of the frame; the actual bytes in
If timeout is 0 the message is placed in a buffer in one of three hardware buffers and the method returns immediately. If all three buffers are in use an exception is thrown. If timeout is not 0, the method waits until the message is transmitted. If the message can’t be transmitted within the specified time an exception is thrown.
Register a function to be called when a message is accepted into a empty fifo:
fifois the receiving fifo.
funis the function to be called when the fifo becomes non empty.
The callback function takes two arguments the first is the can object it self the second is a integer that indicates the reason for the callback.
Reason 0 A message has been accepted into a empty FIFO. 1 The FIFO is full 2 A message has been lost due to a full FIFO
Example use of rxcallback:
def cb0(bus, reason): print('cb0') if reason == 0: print('pending') if reason == 1: print('full') if reason == 2: print('overflow') can = CAN(1, CAN.LOOPBACK) can.rxcallback(0, cb0)