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class Timer – control hardware timers

Hardware timers deal with timing of periods and events. Timers are perhaps the most flexible and heterogeneous kind of hardware in MCUs and SoCs, differently greatly from a model to a model. MicroPython’s Timer class defines a baseline operation of executing a callback with a given period (or once after some delay), and allow specific boards to define more non-standard behaviour (which thus won’t be portable to other boards).

See discussion of important constraints on Timer callbacks.

Note

Memory can’t be allocated inside irq handlers (an interrupt) and so exceptions raised within a handler don’t give much information. See micropython.alloc_emergency_exception_buf() for how to get around this limitation.

If you are using a WiPy board please refer to machine.TimerWiPy instead of this class.

Constructors

class machine.Timer(id, /, ...)

Construct a new timer object of the given id. id of -1 constructs a virtual timer (if supported by a board). id shall not be passed as a keyword argument.

See init for parameters of initialisation.

Methods

Timer.init(*, mode=Timer.PERIODIC, period=- 1, callback=None)

Initialise the timer. Example:

def mycallback(t):
    pass

# periodic with 100ms period
tim.init(period=100, callback=mycallback)

# one shot firing after 1000ms
tim.init(mode=Timer.ONE_SHOT, period=1000, callback=mycallback)

Keyword arguments:

  • mode can be one of:

    • Timer.ONE_SHOT - The timer runs once until the configured period of the channel expires.

    • Timer.PERIODIC - The timer runs periodically at the configured frequency of the channel.

  • period - The timer period, in milliseconds.

  • callback - The callable to call upon expiration of the timer period. The callback must take one argument, which is passed the Timer object. The callback argument shall be specified. Otherwise an exception will occurr upon timer expiration: TypeError: 'NoneType' object isn't callable

Timer.deinit()

Deinitialises the timer. Stops the timer, and disables the timer peripheral.

Constants

Timer.ONE_SHOT
Timer.PERIODIC

Timer operating mode.